Historical Overview

Perhaps the biggest question of this era is why on earth is this list known as the "Caroline Imperialists" ? After all, this is the army of Charles V who famously defeated the Swiss at Bicocca, and had an empire on which the sun never set.

Charles V (24 February 1500 - 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary retirement and abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I and his son Philip II in 1556. Charles was apparently the eldest son of Philip the Handsome and Joanna the Mad, and he had a little known brother, "Psycho Pig Faced Dave, Count of Anjou". Someone lucked out on the inheritance then...

Much of Charles' reign was devoted to the Italian Wars against King Francis I of France, and his heir, King Henry II, which although enormously expensive, were militarily successful due to the undefeated Spanish tercio. Having started off with Milan lost to the French by one of his relatives, Charles succeeded in re-capturing Milan in 1522 when Imperial troops defeated the Franco-Swiss? army at Bicocca. Yet in 1524 Francis I of France retook the initiative, crossing into Lombardy where Milan, along with a number of other cities, once again fell to his attack. Pavia alone held out and it was here that on 24 February 1525 (Charles' twenty-fifth birthday), Charles' Imperial forces captured Francis and crushed his army, yet again retaking Milan and Lombardy. Spain successfully held on to all of its Italian territories, though they were invaded again on multiple occasions during the Italian Wars after the decisive Habsburg victory at the Battle of Pavia in 1525, which pushed Francis to form the Franco-Ottoman? alliance. Charles' rival Suleiman the Magnificent conquered the central part of the Hungarian Kingdom in 1526 after defeating the Christians at the Battle of Mohacs. However, the Ottoman advance was halted after they failed to capture Vienna in 1529.

In the New World, Charles oversaw the Spanish colonization of the Americas, including the conquest of both the Aztec Empire and the Inca Empire. Aside from this, Charles is best known for his role in opposing the Protestant Reformation.

Though always at war, Charles was allegedly a lover of peace, and all his wars were virtually defensive. "Not greedy of territory", wrote Marcantonio Contarini in 1536, "but most greedy of peace and quiet."


See the manufacturers here(external link)
The best ones for this army are...

  • Landsnechts in 15mm(external link) Nice site, and a good range of figures on show.


Name and Date
800AP list used by Matteo at the Worlds in 2014
  • 4 LH Bw only
  • 6 Superior Arquebus shot
  • Early Tercio, Average
  • Gendarmes, Full fat
  • 4 LH Jav/Sword
  • 4 LH, Arquebus
  • 12+2 Swiss
  • 4 Carbine Horse, unarmoured
  • 4 Reiters, heavy Armour, Shooty-Pistol, Pistol
  • 4 Full fat fully leaded Gendarmes
  • 2 Heavy Guns
Not sure which generals

800AP list used at Usk 2014
  • 8 arquebus superior
  • 8 arquebus superior
  • 12+2 Kiel superior armoured
  • Colunela superior
  • Colunela superior
  • 4 carbine only LH
  • 4 LH armoured javelin sword
  • Colunela averge
  • Colunela
  • 4 Gendarmes
  • 4 Gendarmes
  • 2 Gunnes heavy

800 AP early List
Used at Southern League Southampton
  • 4 LH, Xbow (Papists)
  • 4 LH, Xbow (Papists)
  • 4 MF, Xbow (Papists)
  • 4 Gendarmes, Average, Fully Armoured, Full Fat (Papists)
  • 4 Carabins, Average Horse, Carbine
  • Superior Colunela
  • Superior Colunela
  • Landsnecht 14 strong Kiel
  • Superior Colunela
  • Superior Colunela
  • Superior Colunela
  • 6 LF, arquebus
  • 4 LH
  • 4 Lf, Arquebus
  • 2 Gunnes
  • 2 Gunnes
  • Ally and 3 TCs

800AP - Charles Masefield at Roll Call

  • 1 Tercio MF Unarmoured Superior Arquebus 8
  • 1 HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 8
  • 2 Mounted Arquebusiers Horse Unarmoured Average Carbine 4
  • 3 Landsknecht HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 8
  • 3 HF Unarmoured Average Hvy W Hvy W 2
  • 4 Landsknecht arquebusiers LF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 6
  • 5 Arquebusiers companies LF Unarmoured Average Arquebus
  • 6 Tercio MF Unarmoured Superior Arquebus 8
  • 6 HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 8
  • 7 Hungarian hussars Cavalry Unarmoured Average Bow Sword 4
  • 8 Celadas Horse Armoured Average Lt Lance Sword 4
  • 9 Burgundian men-at-arms Gendarme Fully Armd Superior Hvy Lance Sword 4
  • 10 Artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2

800AP Roll call 2012 - Martin Brawn

  • 1 Jinetes LH Unarmoured Average Javelin Sword 4
  • 2 Mounted arqubusiers LH Unarmoured Average Carbine 4
  • 3 Reiters Horse Armoured Average Pistol Pistol 4
  • 4 Reiters Horse Hvy Armd Average Pistol Pistol 4
  • 5 Tercio MF Unarmoured Superior Arquebus 6 ET
  • 5 Tercio HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 8 ET
  • 6 Landsknechts HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 8 Keil
  • 6 Landsknechts HF Unarmoured Superior Hvy W Hvy W 2 Keil
  • 7 Landsknechts HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 8 Keil
  • 7 Landsknechts HF Unarmoured Superior Hvy W Hvy W 2 Keil
  • 8 Tercio Viejos MF Unarmoured Elite Arquebus 6 ET
  • 8 Tercio Viejos HF Armoured Elite Pike Pike 8 ET
  • 9 Artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2

Created by admin. Last Modification: Friday August 22, 2014 13:03:27 BST by admin. (Version 15)

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