Loading...
 
Print

Ummayad Arab

Umayyad Arab

Navigation - HomePage - The Rise of Rome - Storm of Arrows - Immortal Fire - Legions Triumphant - Swords and Scimitars - Eternal Empire - Decline and Fall - Wolves from The Sea - Swifter Than Eagles

Historical Overview Section

The Umayyad Caliphate exercised coherent control over the Moslem world in the centuries after the death of Muhammad (PBUH). They (contraversially) established dynastic succession in the Caliphate through a series of rulers from the Umayyad dynasty.

The Dynasty took power at the end of a series of struggles between various factions to control the Moslem world and its religious leadership. The unrest ("fitna" or Time of Trials) came to a head when the nominal leader Ali was assassinated in 661 after which the Umayyad faction leader Muawiyah persuaded a number of Ali's supporters to acclaim him as caliph instead of Ali's son, Hasan. Following his elevation to Caliph, Muawiyah moved the capital of the caliphate to Damascus, and Syria would remain the base of Umayyad power until the end of the dynasty in 750 AD.

During his reign Muawiyah waged unceasing war against the Byzantine Empire, occupied Rhodes and Crete and achieved consiiderable military expansion in North Africa and in Central Asia (conquering Kabul, Bukhara, and Samarkand). One his death the acession of his son provoked another "fitna" and period of unrest during which Umayyad armies clashed fiercely with rival factions. External resistance was ruthlessly crushed, and Umayyad dynasty's power was firmly entrenched following a brief succession struggle in 684 where the battle of Marj Rahit, near Damascus led to Marwan becoming Caliph. Marwan recaptured Egypt for the Umayyads, and his son, Abd al-Malik (685-705) reconsolidated Umayyad control of the entire caliphate.

One of the most notable Umayyad leaders was Sulayman (715-17), whose reign was dominated by a protracted siege of Constantinople. The failure of the siege marked the end of serious Arab ambitions against the Thematic Byzantine capital, but the first two decades of the eighth century still witnessed the continuing expansion of the caliphate, which pushed into Spain in the west against the Later Visigothic Empire and then Astur Leonese , and into Central Asia and northern India in the east.

The final son of Abd al-Malik to become caliph was Hisham (723-43), whose long and eventful reign was above all marked by the curtailment of military expansion. He established his court at Resafa in northern Syria and resumed hostilities against the Byzantines, which had lapsed following the failure of the last siege of Constantinople. The new campaigns resulted in a number of successful raids into Anatolia, but also in a major defeat (the Battle of Akroinon), and did not lead to any significant territorial expansion. Hisham's reign furthermore witnessed the end of expansion in the west, following the defeat of the Arab army by the Merovingian Frankish at the Battle of Tours in 732. In 739 a major Berber Revolt broke out in North Africa, which was subdued only with difficulty. Hisham suffered still worse defeats in the east, where his armies attempted to subdue both Tokharistan, with its center at Balkh, and Transoxiana, with its center at Samarkand. Both areas had already been partially conquered, but remained difficult to govern.

The Caliphate came to an end when in 746, Abu Muslim initiated a revolt from his power base in Khurasan, in an act which became the genesis of the Abbasid Arab empire - his rebel armies marched under the sign of the black flag. Abu Muslim soon established control of Khurasan, and dispatched an army westwards to Kufa (which fell in 749), and in November of the same year Abu al-Abbas was recognized as the new caliph in the mosque at Kufa. At this point the Umayyad Caliph Marwan mobilized his troops from Harran and advanced toward Iraq. In January of 750 the two forces met in the Battle of the Zab, and the Umayyads were defeated. Damascus fell to Abbasid Arab forces in April, and in August Marwan was killed in Egypt bringing the curtain down on the Umayyads.

Using the army in FoG


include your tactical tips or advice in here

UK Tournament Results with this army

User-contributed links about this army:

Allies


Put information on allied contingents here - including recommendations on which to use, and why

15mm Manufacturers supplying figures for this army

You can see some of the figures in the Ancients Photo Gallery also on this site. This listing only covers "arabic" figures - Turk/Hunninc/Mongol figures are omitted as nearly everyone does some of them.

Image Image Image Image

Core Troops


Which troops are absolutely needed for this army, and what are your thoughts on how to organise, paint and buy them.

Army Lists

Sample army lists for this army

Name of Army / Date

  • Using asterisks inthe edit mode creates a bulleted list in the actual site
  • This is a lot easier to do than easier than setting up tables
  • For FoG I suggest listing your army in order or march
  • with troop desctiptions on each line, for example
  • 4 HF Armoured Average Drilled Impact Foot Swordsmen
  • 8 LG Undrilled Unarmoured Poor Bowen
  • Dont forget to include your Generals !!!

Include any notes you want here, including comments on how to use - or play against - the army.

Remember to leave a line before you copy the above section as a template for your own list

eBay Listings

UK Bookstore

You can make the bookstore show only the books for the army you are setting up the page for. You need to change the line above where it says "node=0"by replacing the number "0" with the right code. You can find that by going to the Bookshop page , navigating to the right page, and holding your mouse over link to that army on the right hand menu. The node number you need to replace "0" with will show up in the bar at the bottom of your screen! Don't worry if you can't find it - I'll get round to sorting it out eventually




Created by admin. Last Modification: Friday 16 of October, 2009 18:07:36 BST by admin. (Version 10)
Powered by Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware | Theme: Arcturus - Smartiki
Powered by TikiPowered by PHPPowered by SmartyMade with CSS
Page Loads for The Wiki
View Traffic Stats for the Wiki

The graphical theme on this wiki is a clumsily tweaked version of the very nice Faulkner theme from Demus Design. The good bits come from them, anything iffy comes from madaxeman.com

Some of the material on this site comes from Wikipedia. It is reproduced in both edited and unedited forms under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.

Wikipedia Affiliate Button

Any content contributed to this site is also provided under the terms of this same license, and by providing content you are both agreeing to these terms and confirming that any content you provide is not covered by any other copyright or restriction. If you are an author or owner of content which you believe is being reproduced on this site without authorisation or in breach of existing copyright please contact the webmaster. As this site is open for public editing, www.madaxeman.com takes no responsibility for the accuracy of content herein.


About This Site & Privacy Information

Google Search

 
www.madaxeman.com
WWW