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Arab Conquest

Historical Overview Section

The Arab Conquests began after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (PBUH). He established a new unified political polity in the Arabian peninsula which under the subsequent Rashidun and Ummayad Arab Caliphates saw a century of rapid expansion of Arab power well beyond the Arabian peninsula in the form of a vast Muslim Arab Empire with an area of influence that stretched from northwest India, across Central Asia, the Middle East, North Africa, southern Italy, and the Iberian Peninsula, to the Pyrenees. Edward Gibbon writes in History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire:

"Under the last of the Ommiades, the Arabian empire extended two hundred days journey from east to west, from the confines of Tartary and India to the shores of the Atlantic Ocean. And if we retrench the sleeve of the robe, as it is styled by their writers, the long and narrow province of march of a caravan. We should vainly seek the indissoluble union and easy obedience that pervaded the government of Augustus and the Antonines; but the progress of Islam diffused over this ample space a general resemblance of manners and opinions. The language and laws of the Qu'ran were studied with equal devotion at Samarcand and Seville: the Moor and the Indian embraced as countrymen and brothers in the pilgrimage of Mecca; and the Arabian language was adopted as the popular idiom in all the provinces to the westward of the Tigris."

The Arab conquests brought about the collapse of the Sassanian Empire and a great territorial loss for the Byzantine Empire. Though spectacular, the Arab successes are now being understood in hindsight, most notably in Hugh Kennedy's book The Great Arab Conquests: How The Spread Of Islam Changed The World We Live In . The Sassanid Persian and Byzantine empires were militarily exhausted from decades of fighting one another. This prevented them from dealing effectively with the mobile Arab raiders operating from the desert. Moreover, many of the peoples living under the rule of these empires, for example Jews and Christians in Persia and Monophysites in Syria, were disloyal and sometimes even welcomed the Arab invaders, largely because of religious conflict in both empires.

Using the army in ADLG

  • Solid blocks of 6 HF being pushed into your face will focus most opponents attention
  • The mix of medium and heavies gives a lot of width and punch, and a need to take the right terrain
  • Its a hard army for anyone to attack, as the only home terrain choice is Desert. That means you can expect to be attacking in Plains in most games even if you lose he initiative and can plan your terrain and army choices accordingly

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Army Lists

Sample army lists for this army

200 points from Cry Havoc 2018
2 Medium Bow camels
1 Bowman
1 Impact Foot Swordsmen Medium
Competent general
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6 HI Impetuous Sword
1 Javelinman
1 Bow
1 LH Bow
1 LH Javelin
Competent General
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4 Impetuous MF Sword
1 Bow
2 Impetuous Medium Cavalry
1 LH Javelin
1 LF Sling
1 Javelinman
Strategist


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