Ayyubid Egyptian

Historical Overview Section

The Ayyubid dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin, founded by Saladin and centered in Egypt. The dynasty ruled much of the Middle East during the 12th and 13th centuries CE. Saladin had been the vizier of Fatimid Egypt before he brought an end to Fatimid rule in 1171. In 1174, he proclaimed himself sultan following the death of the Ayyubids' former master, Zengid ruler Nur al-Din. The Ayyubids spent the next decade launching conquests throughout the region and by 1183, the territories under their control included Egypt, Syria, northern Mesopotamia, Hejaz, Yemen, and the North African coast up to the borders of modern-day Tunisia. Most of the Kingdom of Jerusalem fell to Saladin after his victory at the Battle of Hattin in 1187. However, the Crusaders regained control of Palestine's coastline in the 1190s.

After the death of Saladin, his sons contested control over the sultanate, but Saladin's brother al-Adil eventually established himself as sultan in 1200 and all of the later Ayyubid sultans of Egypt descended from him. In the 1230s, the Ayyubid emirs of Syria attempted to assert their independence from Egypt and remained divided until Sultan as-Salih Ayyub restored Ayyubid unity by taking over most of Syria, except Aleppo, by 1247. By then, local Muslim dynasties had driven out the Ayyubids from Yemen, the Hejaz, and parts of Mesopotamia. After his death in 1249, as-Salih Ayyub was succeeded in Egypt by al-Mu'azzam Turanshah. However, the latter was soon overthrown by the Mamluk generals who had successfully repelled a Crusader invasion of the Nile Delta. This effectively ended Ayyubid power in Egypt and a number of attempts by the emirs of Syria, led by an-Nasir Yusuf of Aleppo, to wrest back control of Egypt failed. In 1260, the Mongols sacked Aleppo and conquered the remaining territories of the Ayyubids soon after. T

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Army Lists

Sample army lists for this army

200 Points from Britcon 2016
====Competent included
Quantity Troop description Troop type Quality
3 MAMLUKS Heavy cavalry bow Elite
3 SYRIANS & KURDS Heavy cavalry impact ------
1 BEDOIUNS Light cavalry impact ------
1 MAMLUKS general Heavy cavalry bow Elite
2 TURKOMANS Medium cavalry bow ------
====Ordinary Included Unreliable
1 MAMLUKS general Heavy cavalry bow
1 BEDOIUNS Light cavalry impact
3 SPEARMEN Heavy spearmen
4 LI Light infantry bow
2 LEVY Levy
1 SPEARMEN Medium spearmen

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