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Khmer Empire and Champa

Historical Overview Section

The Khmer Empire, officially the Angkor Empire was the predecessor state to modern Cambodia, was a powerful Hindu-Buddhist empire in Southeast Asia. The empire which grew out of the former kingdoms of Funan and Chenla at times ruled over and/or vassalised most of mainland Southeast Asia

Its greatest legacy is Angkor, in present-day Cambodia, which was the site of the capital city during the empire's zenith. The beginning of the era of the Khmer Empire is conventionally dated to 802 CE. In this year, King Jayavarman II had himself declared chakravartin ("king of the world", or "king of kings") on Phnom Kulen. The empire ended with the fall of Angkor in the 15th century.

Jayavarman is widely regarded as a king who set the foundations of the Angkor period when he declared the independence of his kingdom from Java. At that time the Javanses Empire included Java, Sumatra, the Malay Peninsula and parts of Cambodia around the Mekong delta. The successors of Jayavarman II continually extended the territory of the new Empire.

Suryavarman was the first emperor to take control of the future Khmer capital city of Angkor Wat, but also came into conflict with the Tambralinga kingdom of the Malay peninsula. After surviving several invasions from his enemies, Suryavarman requested aid from the powerful Chola Emperor Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty against the Tambralinga kingdom, who in turn allied with Srivijaya King Sangrama Vijayatungavarman leading to the Chola Empire coming into conflict with the Srivijiya Empire. This war ended with a victory for the Chola dynasty and of the Khmer Empire, and major losses for the Sri Vijaya Empire and the Tambralinga kingdom. Hi son fought attritional wars against the empires of Champa and Dai Viet.

King Jayavarman VII (reigned 1181–1219) was generally considered as Cambodia's greatest king. He had already been a military leader as a prince under previous kings. After the Cham had conquered Angkor he gathered an army and regained the capital. He ascended the throne and continued the war against the neighbouring eastern kingdom for another 22 years, until the Khmer defeated Champa in 1203 and conquered large parts of its territory.

After his death and in the year 1220, under mounting pressure from increasingly powerful Đại Việt and its Cham alliance, the Khmer withdrew from many of the provinces previously conquered from Champa. In the west, his Thai subjects rebelled establishing the first Thai kingdom at Sukhothai and pushing back the Khmer. In the following 200 years, the Thais would become the chief rivals of the Khmer.

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Army Lists

Sample army lists for this army

Champa at the USTT 2018 200ap
Competent
2 Elephants
1 Elephant Artillery
2 Medium Spearmen Elite
2 Medium Spearmen
2 Light Infantry Bow
1 Light Infantry Crossbow
==
Competent
2 Elephants
1 Elephant Artillery
2 Medium Spearmen Elite
1 Medium Spearmen
2 Light Infantry Bow
1 Light Infantry Crossbow
==
Ordinary
2 Medium Cavalry Crossbow
2 Light Cavalry Bow
==

USTT 2018 200ap
Brilliant
3, Elephant, , , Elephant , ------
2, Royal Guardman, Medium spearmen, Elite
2, Warrior with two handed Weapons, Medium swordsmen 2HW, ------
2, Light Infantry, Light infantry javelin, ------
1, Light Infantry, Light infantry crossbow, ------
1, Horsemen, Medium cavalry, Mediocre
==
Competent
2, Warrior, , , Medium spearmen,
2, Light Infantry, , , Light infantry bow,
2, Elephant Artillery, , Elephant artillery,
2, Bowmen, , , Bowmen,
1, Servants, Levy
==
Ordinary
1, Light Infantry, Light infantry crossbow, ------
1, Horsemen, Medium cavalry, Mediocre
2, Conscripts, Medium spearmen, Mediocre
1, Elephant, , , Elephant , ----


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