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Mithridatic

Historical Overview Section

Persian Mithridates Ktistes whilst in the service of Antigonus (one of Alexander's successors) cleverly managed in 302 BC to create the Kingdom of Pontus, which he and his descendants then ruled.

The kingdom reached its zenith under Mithridates VI the Great who fought the Triumvirate Romans. Mithridates is remembered as one of Rome's most formidable and successful enemies who fought three of the most prominent generals of the late Roman Republic: Sulla, Lucullus, and Pompey the Great.

When Mithridates came to power his plan was to make his state the dominant power in the Black Sea and Anatolia. This brought him into conflict with the Skythian? king Palacus, who was depredating the Caucasuses. The Crimea, Tauric Chersonesus and the Bosporan? Kingdom gave up their independence to Mithardates in return for promises to protect them against the Scythians, their ancient enemies. After several abortive attempts to invade the Crimea, the Scythians and the allied Rhoxolanoi Sarmatians suffered heavy losses at the hands of the Pontic general Diophantus and accepted, albeit at the point of the sword, Mithridates as their overlord.

The young king then turned his attention to Anatolia, where Roman power was on the rise. He contrived to partition Paphlagonia and Galatia with Nicomedes III of Bithynia, but Nicomedes manoeuvred himself into an anti-Pontic alliance with the Triumvirate Roman Republic. When Mithridates fell out with Nicomedes over control of Cappadocia and defeated him in a series of battles, the latter was constrained to openly enlist the assistance of Rome. The Romans twice interfered into the conflict on behalf of Nicomedes (92 and 95 BC), making the Roman-Pontic war inevitable. The next ruler of Bithynia, Nicomedes IV, was a figurehead manipulated by the Romans and unwisely declared war on Pontus at their request, even though the Romans were involved in civil war with their Italian allies and only had legions in Macedonia. Mithridates invaded Bithynia and promptly overran the country, leading his troops all the way to the Propontis.

Tigranes II, of the neighboring Early Armenian?s thought this was really neat, and established an alliance with Mithridates and married the Pontic leader's favorite daughter, Cleopatra. After conquering western Anatolia in 88 BC, Mithridates VI reportedly ordered the killing of all Romans living there. The massacre of allegedly 80,000 Roman men, women and children in an incident known as the Asiatic Vespers brought matters to a head and initiated the First Mithridatic War fought between 88 BC and 84 BC. In the war Roman General Lucius Cornelius Sulla forced Mithridates VI out of Greece proper and left Lucius Licinius Murena in charge of Roman forces in Anatolia as Sulla himself returned to Italy to answer the threat posed by Gaius Marius; subsequently, Mithridates VI was defeated but not beaten. A peace was made between Rome and Pontus, but this proved to be only temporary, as Murena attacked Mithridates in 83, provoking the Second Mithridatic War from 83 BC to 81 BC. Another peace was concluded after Murena suffered several defeats. Mithridates recouped his forces, and when Rome attempted to annex Bithynia, Mithridates VI attacked with an even larger army, leading to the Third Mithridatic War from 73 BC to 63 BC. First Lucullus and then Pompey the Great were sent against Mithridates VI, who surged back to retake his kingdom of Pontus, but was at last defeated by Pompey.

After his defeat by Pompey in 65 BC, Mithridates VI fled with a small army over the Caucausus to the Crimea and attempted to raise yet another army to take on the Romans but failed to do so. In 63, he withdrew to the citadel in Panticapaeum. His eldest son, Menchares, the king of Cimmerian Bosporan?s, whose kingdom had been reorganized by the Romans, was unwilling to aid his father. Mithridates had Menchares killed, and Mithridates took the throne of the Bosporan? Kingdom. Mithridates then ordered the conscription of many Scythians in order to regain his kingdom. Pharnarces II, his younger son, led a rebellion against his father, joined by Roman exiles in the core of Mithridates' Pontic army. Mithridates eventually committed suicide and was buried in Sinope, the capital of Pontus.

Despite annexation by Rome, the Pontic state retained an independent football association until 1975 when the last Pontic League champions "Sporting Mithridates" were knocked out in the EUEFA Cup first qualifying Round by Swedish team Helsingborgs on away goals.

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Army Lists

200AP list

Command A
Competent commander
3 x Heavy cavalry
2 x Medium cavalry, bow
2 x Light cavalry, javelin

Command B
Brilliant commander
3 x Medium spearmen
2 x Medium swordsmen, two-handed weapons
4 x Light foot, javelin
2 x Scythed chariot

Command C (Armenian Ally)
Competent commander, unreliable
4 x Cataphract
2 x Medium cavalry, bow
2 x Light cavalry, bow

Andy's list from Roll Call 2016
Competent
3 Pikemen Pikemen
2 Imitation Legionaries Heavy swordsmen impact
2 Scythed Chariots Scythed chariot
3 Light Infantry Javelin Light infantry javelin
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Competent
2 Bowmen Bowmen
2 Pontic Horsemen Heavy cavalry
2 Sarmatians Medium cavalry bow
2 Light Cavalry Javelin Light cavalry javelin
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Competent
2 Bowmen Bowmen
2 Thureophoroi Medium spearmen
2 Thracians Medium swordsmen 2HW
2 Galatians Heavy swordsmen impetuous


Dave's list from Roll Call 2016
Brilliant General

  • 2 Light cavalry bow ------
  • 2 Light cavalry javelin ------
  • 3 Heavy cavalry Elite
  • 2 javelinmen ------

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Competent

  • 3 Pikemen
  • 2 Heavy swordsmen impact
  • 2 Light infantry javelin

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Competent

  • 2 Medium swordsmen 2HW
  • 1 Javelinmen
  • 4 Medium spearmen
  • 1 Light cavalry javelin


Tims list from Roll Call 2016
Competent Commander
1 Pontus Cavalry Heavy cavalry Elite
2 Sarmatian Cav Heavy cavalry impetuous ------
2 Scythian Light cavalry bow ------
3 Light Cavalry Javelin Light cavalry javelin ------
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Brilliant Commander
3 Pikemen Pikemen
1 Imitation Legionaries Heavy swordsmen impact
3 Light Infantry Javelin Light infantry javelin
2 Galatian Heavy swordsmen impetuous
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Competent Commander
2 Thracians Medium swordsmen 2HW
2 Thureophoroi Medium spearmen
3 Light Infantry Bow Light infantry bow
2 Javelinmen Javelinmen
1 Scythed Chariot Scythed chariot


200 Points
Corps 1 (Brilliant)

  • 4 Light cavalry javelin
  • 2 Light cavalry bow
  • 3 Heavy spearmen

Corps 2 (Ordinary)

  • 2 Pikemen
  • 2 Scythed chariot
  • 2 Light infantry javelin
  • 1 Javelinmen

Corps 3 (Brilliant)

  • 3 Heavy cavalry
  • 2 Medium cavalry bow
  • 1 Pikemen
  • 1 Heavy spearmen
  • 1 Bowmen
  • 2 Light infantry sling



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