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Order of St John

Historical Overview Section

The Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (Latin: Ordo Fratrum Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani; Italian: Cavalieri dell'Ordine dell'Ospedale di San Giovanni di Gerusalemme), also known as the Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, Knights Hospitalier or Hospitallers, was a medieval and early modern Catholic military order. It was headquartered in the Kingdom of Jerusalem, on the island of Rhodes, in Malta and St Petersburg.

After the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1291 (the city of Jerusalem had fallen in 1187), the Knights were confined to the County of Tripoli and, when Acre was captured in 1291, the order sought refuge in the Kingdom of Cyprus. Finding themselves becoming enmeshed in Cypriot politics, their Master, Guillaume de Villaret, created a plan of acquiring their own temporal domain, selecting Rhodes to be their new home, part of the Byzantine empire. His successor, Foulques de Villaret, executed the plan, and on 15 August 1310, after over four years of campaigning, the city of Rhodes surrendered to the knights. They also gained control of a number of neighbouring islands and the Anatolian port of Halicarnassus and the island of Kastellorizo.

Pope Clement V dissolved the Hospitallers' rival order, the Knights Templar, in 1312 with a series of papal bulls, including the Ad providam bull that turned over much of their property to the Hospitallers. In 1374, the Knights took over the defence of Smyrna, conquered by a crusade in 1344. They held it until it was besieged and taken by Timur in 1402.

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Army Lists

Sample army lists for this army
USTT Winning Team 2019 - Order of St John Noodlers
Ordinary Included Unreliable
1 Hosp. knights (dis. HF Sw Arm El) Medium knight impact Elite
1 Turcopoles Light cavalry bow ------
1 Turcopoles Medium cavalry bow ------
2 Colonists Bowmen Mediocre
1 Light infantry bow Light infantry bow ----
==
Brilliant Included
1 Hosp. knights dis. HF Sw Arm El (3) Medium knight impact Elite
4 Other knights dis. HF Sw Arm (3) Medium knight impetuous ------
4 Colonists Heavy spearmen Mediocre
2 Light infantry bow Light infantry bow ------
==
Briliant Allied Armenian Ally
2 Armenian nobles Medium knight impetuous Elite
3 Armenian spearmen Heavy spearmen ------
1 Bowmen Bowmen Mediocre
1 Light infantry bow Light infantry bow ------
1 Bedouin horsemen Light cavalry impact ----
1 Frankish mercenaries Heavy spearmen armour ----

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