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Triumvirate Roman

Historical Overview Section

In the late Republic, two three-man political alliances are called triumvirates by modern scholars, though only for the second was the term triumviri used at the time to evoke constitutional precedents:

The so-called First Triumvirate was an informal political alliance of Julius Caesar, Pompeius Magnus ("Pompey the Great") and Marcus Crassus. The arrangement had no legal status, and its purpose was to consolidate the political power of the three and their supporters against the senatorial elite. Julia's death during childbirth and Crassus's ignominious defeat and death at Carrhae at the hands of the Parthians in 53 BC effectively undermined the alliance.

Pompey remained in Rome, governing his Spanish provinces through lieutenants, and remained in virtual control of the city throughout that time. He gradually drifted further and further from his alliance with Caesar, eventually marrying the daughter of Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Cornelianus Scipio Nasica, one of the boni ("Good Men"), an archconservative faction of the Senate steadfastly opposed to Caesar.

Pompey was elected consul without colleague in 52 BC, and took part in the politicking which led to Caesar's crossing of the Rubicon in 49 BC, starting the Civil War. Pompey was made commander-in-chief of the war by the Senate, and was defeated by his former ally Caesar at Pharsalus despite the fact that he heavily out-numbered Caesar's army. Pompey's subsequent murder in Egypt in an inept political intrigue left Caesar sole master of the Roman world.

The death of both Crassus and Pompey secured the breakdown of the First Triumvirate, as only one triumvir remained: Caesar.

The Second Triumvirate was recognized as a triumvirate at the time. A Lex Titia formalized the rule of Octavian, Mark Antony, and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. Although the constitutional machinery of the Republic was not irrevocably dismantled by the Lex Titia, in the event it never recovered. Lepidus was sidelined early in the triumvirate, and Antony was eliminated in civil war, leaving Octavian the sole leader.

Using the army in ADLG

  • This is the army of Caesar - the Legions will stand up to anything in period, especially with Armour
  • The cavalry are a bit weak, so plan terrain without needing to use them.
  • Having a lone MF or even Cavalry base with the legions can help protect their flanks or even plus any gaps that arise quite quickly
  • The inferior elephant can be very effective at protecting your MF from enemy mounted, as long as you can successfully screen it with LF to avoid it getting shot at!

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Army Lists

Sample army lists for this army
200 points
Brilliant Ally
1 Cavalry medium cavalry ------
5 Warriors heavy swordsmen impetuous Elite
1 light foot light infantry javelin ------
==
Competent
1 Cavalry medium cavalry
2 numidians light cavalry javelin
3 thracians Medium swordsmen 2HW
1 light foot light infantry javelin
==
Competent
5 legionary heavy swordsmen armour impact Elite
2 bow light infantry bow ------
1 light foot light infantry javelin ----



200 Points

  • Commander in Chief Competent
  • 1 Legionairies Heavy swordsmen armor impact Elite
  • 4 Legionairies Heavy swordsmen armor impact ------
  • 1 Roman Cavalry Medium cavalry ------
  • 1 Cretan Archers Light infantry bow Elite

======

  • Competent
  • 3 Thracians Medium swordsmen 2HW ------
  • 2 Gladiators Medium swordsmen Elite
  • 1 Elephant Elephant Mediocre
  • 2 Germans, Greeks, or Numidians Light infantry javelin ----

=

  • Ally : Armenius Competent
  • Quantity Troop description Troop type Quality
  • 2 Cataphracts Cataphract ----
  • 1 Cataphracts Cataphract Elite
  • 4 Horse Archers Light cavalry bow ------



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