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Feudal Hungarian

Historical Overview Section

Early Hungarians from 1000 to 1308

After his dad decided to make the 7 Magyar tribes into one Christian country, Saint Stephen I applied to the Pope to be crowned King. He was accepted and crowned in December 1000, in the capital, Esztergom. By 1006, Stephen had consolidated his power, eliminating all rivals who either wanted to follow the old pagan traditions or wanted an alliance with the Eastern Christian Byzantine Empire. Then he started sweeping reforms to convert Hungary into a western feudal state. What emerged was a strong kingdom that withstood attacks from Imperial German? kings and Emperors, and the many nomadic tribes following the Hungarians from the East, integrating some of the latter into the population (along with Germans invited to Transylvania and the northern part of the kingdom, especially after the 13th century Battle of Mohi), and conquering Croatia in 1091.

In 1241–1242, the kingdom received a major blow with the Mongol Invasion: after the defeat of the Hungarian army at the Battle of Mohi, the then king Béla IV fled and a large part of the population died in the ensuing destruction leading later to the invitation of settlers, largely from Germany. Historians estimate that up to half of Hungary's then population of 2,000,000 were victims of the Mongol invasion as only castles, strongly fortified cities and abbeys could withstand the assault. During their campaign into the Early Russian? territories the Mongol Invasion forces drove some 40,000 Cumans west of the Carpathian Mountains. There, the Cumans appealed to King Béla IV of Hungary for protection. After the Mongols retreated King Béla ordered the construction of hundreds of stone castles and fortifications to defend against a possible second Mongol invasion. The Mongols returned to Hungary in 1286, but the new built stone-castle systems and new tactics (using a higher proportion of heavily armed knights) stopped them. The invading Mongol force was defeated near Pest by the royal army of Ladislaus IV of Hungary. As with later invasions, it was repelled comprehensively with the Mongol Invasion losing much of their invading force.

In 1260 Béla IV lost the War of Babenberg Succession, his army was defeated at Battle of Kressenbrunn by the united Czech troops, however after in 1278, Ladislaus IV of Hungary and Austrian troops fully destroyed the Czech army at Battle on the Marchfeld. In 1301, with the death of Andrew III of Hungary, the Árpád dynasty died out. The dynasty was replaced by the Angevins, followed by the Jagiellonians, and then by several non-dynastic rulers, notably Sigismund an Imperial German? Holy Roman Emperor and Matthias Corvinus.

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Army Lists

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204 Feudal Hungarian
Brilliant
1 HOSPITALER Medium knight impact Elite
3 HUNGARIAN NOBLES Medium knight impetuous Elite
1 SZEKLERS Medium cavalry bow Elite
2 SZEKLERS Light cavalry bow Elite
2 HUNGARIAN HORSE ARCHERS Light cavalry bow ----
1 HUNGARIAN BOWMEN Bowmen ----
==
Competent
4 CROAT SPEARMEN Heavy spearmen
2 HUNGARIAN BOWMEN Bowmen
2 HUNGARIAN SKIRMISHERS Light infantry bow
==
Ordinary Included
1 HUNGARIAN NOBLES WITH INCL GENL Medium knight impetuous Elite
1 HUNGARIAN NOBLES Medium knight impetuous Elite
1 SZEKELERS Medium cavalry bow Elite
2 HUNGARIAN HORSE ARCHERS Light cavalry bow ----

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