Historical Overview Section

The Timurids - 1360-1500
The Timurids origins were as a Mongolian nomadic confederation known as Barlas, remnants of the original Mongol Invasion army of Genghis Khan. After the Mongol conquest of Central Asia, the Barlas settled in Turkistan and intermingled (oo-er missus!!) with the local Turkic population. By the time of Timur (Tamerlane) the Barlas had become thoroughly Turkicized in language and habits, and had adopted Islam. This linked the new empire firmly into the Persian sphere of influence and culture which had dominated Central Asia since the early days of Islamic influence.

Timur was a busy chap and started off by conquering large parts of Transoxiana, and the empire of the Khurasanian Dynasties. Acting officially in the name of the Mongolian Chagatai ulus, he subjugated Transoxania and the Khwarazmians in the years that followed, and then began a campaign westwards in 1380. By 1389 he had removed the Kartids from Herat and advanced into mainland Persia from 1382 sweeping away the Bedouin Dynasties in the process. In 1394/95 he triumphed over the Golden Horde Tatars and enforced his sovereignty in the Caucasus, in 1398 subjugated Multan and Dipalpur in modern day Pakistan and in modern day India left Delhi in such ruin that it is said for two months "not a bird moved wing in the city". In 1400/01 conquered Aleppo, Damascus and eastern Anatolia, in 1401 destroyed Baghdad and in 1402 triumphed over the Later Ottoman Turkish armies in a battle at Ankara. He died on the way to have a pop at the Ming Chinese, although records indicate he may also have been taking backhanders from them for many years, so perhaps he was only going there for the tea and vases? An estimated 17 million people may have died from his conquests.

Two of Timur's four sons (Jahangir and Umar Shaykh) predeceased him and his third son, Miran Shah, died soon after Timur, leaving the youngest son, Shah Rukh to ultimately succeed him. After Timur's death in 1405, his empire fell apart with various tribes and warlords competing for dominance. The Black Sheep Turkmen destroyed the western empire in 1410 when they captured Baghdad, but in Persia and Transoxiana Shāhrukh was able to secure effective control from about 1409. His empire controlled the main trade routes and commercial opportunities between East and West including the legendary Silk Road and became immensely wealthy as a result. One of his descendants Babur went onto found the Mughal Empire in India.

Using the army in ADLG

  • Attacking is always preferred. Attack in plains, rough terrain is not enough of a big deal.
  • Players without foot bows will learn why they want them.
  • Many steppe armies should be designed with a command that can flank march and you flank march A LOT with it.
  • LH are a bit iffy, and may run out of space. Top out around 6 or 7 LH.
  • MC is great when elite. You shouldn't plan to fight with it, but they are vicious shooting and with support often can hold up long enough to disengage. But if opponent doesn't have foot bows, then they are awesome.
  • MC charging you in flank are pretty darn deadly!
  • Knowing when to skeddale is an important factor.
  • LH can interpenetrate and be interpenetrated by Cavalry - unlike in many other rules
  • In this list the 2 Med Kn help you when in a mounted fight.
  • Artillery is something to think about seriously. Once the opponent starts pushing the artillery starts plinking and they fixate on that. You just need to make sure you don't fixate on not losing it.
  • You need to have the majority of your army as Medium Cav
  • Any (usually 4) 4 Heavy Elite Bow/Impact types should always be taken
  • Take less than 10 light cavalry.
  • Get good initiative
  • Keep as many of your cavalry Elite as possible while keeping your breakpoint above 19-20.
  • Elite make your bowfire decent and keeps the Medium Cav alive in melee

15mm Manufacturers supplying figures for this army

You can see some of the figures in the Ancients Photo Gallery also on this site. The Mongols had many subject troops, so look at the other Arab and East European ranges as well.

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User-contributed links about this army:

Army Lists

Sample army lists for this army
Harrison Pearce's 2nd place Worlds 2019 Army
Ordinary Included
4 Timurid Nobles Heavy cavalry impact bow Elite
2 Turkomans Light cavalry bow Elite
2 Elephant Elephant ------
2 Afghan Spearmen Javelinmen ------
2 Hostages Levy expendable Mediocre
2 Stampeding Herd Scythed chariot ----
4 Persian Archers Light infantry bow ------
4 Timurid Nobles Heavy cavalry bow ------
2 Turkomans Light cavalry bow Elite

Ordinary Included
4 Timurid Nobles * Heavy cavalry impact bow Elite
2 Turkomans Light cavalry bow Elite
Ordinary Included Allied
2 Shock Cavalry * Heavy cavalry impact bow Elite
2 Mongol Horsemen Medium cavalry bow ------
4 Mongol Horsemen Light cavalry bow ------
1 Levy Levy ----
4 Timurid Nobles Heavy cavalry bow ------
1 Persian Archers Light infantry bow ------
2 Hostages Levy expendable Mediocre
2 Stampeding Herd Scythed chariot ----

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