|Navigation - HomePage - The Rise of Rome - Storm of Arrows - Immortal Fire - Legions Triumphant - Swords and Scimitars - Eternal Empire - Decline and Fall - Wolves from The Sea - Swifter Than Eagles|
The Umayyad Caliphate exercised coherent control over the Moslem world in the centuries after the death of Muhammad (PBUH). They (contraversially) established dynastic succession in the Caliphate through a series of rulers from the Umayyad dynasty.
The Dynasty took power at the end of a series of struggles between various factions to control the Moslem world and its religious leadership. The unrest ("fitna" or Time of Trials) came to a head when the nominal leader Ali was assassinated in 661 after which the Umayyad faction leader Muawiyah persuaded a number of Ali's supporters to acclaim him as caliph instead of Ali's son, Hasan. Following his elevation to Caliph, Muawiyah moved the capital of the caliphate to Damascus, and Syria would remain the base of Umayyad power until the end of the dynasty in 750 AD.
During his reign Muawiyah waged unceasing war against the Byzantine Empire, occupied Rhodes and Crete and achieved consiiderable military expansion in North Africa and in Central Asia (conquering Kabul, Bukhara, and Samarkand). One his death the acession of his son provoked another "fitna" and period of unrest during which Umayyad armies clashed fiercely with rival factions. External resistance was ruthlessly crushed, and Umayyad dynasty's power was firmly entrenched following a brief succession struggle in 684 where the battle of Marj Rahit, near Damascus led to Marwan becoming Caliph. Marwan recaptured Egypt for the Umayyads, and his son, Abd al-Malik (685-705) reconsolidated Umayyad control of the entire caliphate.
One of the most notable Umayyad leaders was Sulayman (715-17), whose reign was dominated by a protracted siege of Constantinople. The failure of the siege marked the end of serious Arab ambitions against the Thematic Byzantine capital, but the first two decades of the eighth century still witnessed the continuing expansion of the caliphate, which pushed into Spain in the west against the Later Visigothic Empire and then Astur Leonese , and into Central Asia and northern India in the east.
The final son of Abd al-Malik to become caliph was Hisham (723-43), whose long and eventful reign was above all marked by the curtailment of military expansion. He established his court at Resafa in northern Syria and resumed hostilities against the Byzantines, which had lapsed following the failure of the last siege of Constantinople. The new campaigns resulted in a number of successful raids into Anatolia, but also in a major defeat (the Battle of Akroinon), and did not lead to any significant territorial expansion. Hisham's reign furthermore witnessed the end of expansion in the west, following the defeat of the Arab army by the Merovingian Frankish at the Battle of Tours in 732. In 739 a major Berber Revolt broke out in North Africa, which was subdued only with difficulty. Hisham suffered still worse defeats in the east, where his armies attempted to subdue both Tokharistan, with its center at Balkh, and Transoxiana, with its center at Samarkand. Both areas had already been partially conquered, but remained difficult to govern.
The Caliphate came to an end when in 746, Abu Muslim initiated a revolt from his power base in Khurasan, in an act which became the genesis of the Abbasid Arab empire - his rebel armies marched under the sign of the black flag. Abu Muslim soon established control of Khurasan, and dispatched an army westwards to Kufa (which fell in 749), and in November of the same year Abu al-Abbas was recognized as the new caliph in the mosque at Kufa. At this point the Umayyad Caliph Marwan mobilized his troops from Harran and advanced toward Iraq. In January of 750 the two forces met in the Battle of the Zab, and the Umayyads were defeated. Damascus fell to Abbasid Arab forces in April, and in August Marwan was killed in Egypt bringing the curtain down on the Umayyads.
include your tactical tips or advice in here
User-contributed links about this army:
- Arab Imperials (Umayyads) (9mm) DBA Figure Gallery for this army - from Fanaticus
- Fanaticus banner download page with some banners that can be used for this army
- Register and you can put you own link in here and then write some brief detail about the link here
- put the link text readers will see in here write some more detail about the link here
Put information on allied contingents here - including recommendations on which to use, and why
You can see some of the figures in the Ancients Photo Gallery also on this site. This listing only covers "arabic" figures - Turk/Hunninc/Mongol figures are omitted as nearly everyone does some of them.
- Essex Miniatures - many generic Arabs, possibly too generic for todays tastes in their Ancients selection, plus a newer 50-strong Arab range of more tailored figures in their Crusades ranges that may be more suitable
- Donnington - 35+ arabs
- Museum Miniatures - several nice Arab/Persian/Turkish ranges, often using the same figures in each!
- Gladiator Miniatures by Fighting 15's (Previously Black Hat) 33-strong Crusades Moslems Range
- Old Glory 15's, several Arab Ranges
- Minifigs Venerable Crusader range with Arabs
- Irregular Miniatures 39 Arab & Turk figures from a generic range
- Lancashire Games - Several large "value" packs of Arab troops
- LKM Direct - Freikorps ranges have Medieval Turks
- Tin Soldier 16 Arabs in one range
- Outpost Wargame Services A specialist in this period/region, 30+ Crusade-period Islamics
- East Riding Miniatures Some berbers in a small El Cid Range may be suitable
- Khurasan Miniatures again a specialist period for Khurasan, with several Persian/eastern ranges
- Viking Forge several Arab & Turkish ranges
- Falcon Figures Ottoman range
- Battle Line Miniatures 27 Generic Arabs
- Eureka - Australian Site Grumpys Miniatures Perian & Afghan Ranges are quite fun
- 50 Paces.com their website shows an "Arab" range, but no figure codes listed. The range is sold in Europe (with pictures and figure codes) by Strategia e Tattica
- Camelot Games Italian-based supplier
- Legio Heroica 22 Crusades-era Arabs
Which troops are absolutely needed for this army, and what are your thoughts on how to organise, paint and buy them.
Sample army lists for this army
Name of Army / Date
- Using asterisks inthe edit mode creates a bulleted list in the actual site
- This is a lot easier to do than easier than setting up tables
- For FoG I suggest listing your army in order or march
- with troop desctiptions on each line, for example
- 4 HF Armoured Average Drilled Impact Foot Swordsmen
- 8 LG Undrilled Unarmoured Poor Bowen
- Dont forget to include your Generals !!!
Include any notes you want here, including comments on how to use - or play against - the army.
Remember to leave a line before you copy the above section as a template for your own list
|You can make the bookstore show only the books for the army you are setting up the page for. You need to change the line above where it says "node=0"by replacing the number "0" with the right code. You can find that by going to the Bookshop page, navigating to the right page, and holding your mouse over link to that army on the right hand menu. The node number you need to replace "0" with will show up in the bar at the bottom of your screen! Don't worry if you can't find it - I'll get round to sorting it out eventually|